“When readers infer, they use their prior knowledge and textual clues to draw conclusions and form unique interpretations of text.”
Anchor Chart We have created an anchor chart you can use in your classroom during your study on inferring. This anchor chart includes phrases students might use to begin their inferences.
One aspect of inferring while reading is using the skill of inferencing to determine the meaning of new vocabulary words. Ideas and suggested texts for this skill can be found here: Inferencing to Determine the Meaning of New Words.
After working on using inferencing to determine the meaning of new words, we moved onto using photo promps. You will find these prompts and activities here: Inferring From Photo Prompts.
Wordless Books Wordless books can be used to help students predict the words in a story. These can be a good introduction to using inferencing. Here are some books we like:
Students look through these books, encourage them to tell the story of what is happening in the book. Also, ask students to infer how the characters are feeling. You might want to sit these at a literacy center and have students complete a graphic organizer that shares their inferences. Wordless Book Inferences
It’s a Mystery! Put an object in a bag and give the students 5 clues about your object. After each clue, allow students to guess what your object is. Explain to students that they are making an inference each time they guess based on what you are telling them.
What Can You Infer? Print our story cards and laminate. Please these cards at a center along with copies of the Inference Recording Page. At the center, students choose a card and make an inference about what is happening.
Who’s Been Here? books This series of books, written by Lindsay Barrett George, is great! We created a Who’s Been Here? Organizer for students to complete with the books. The first book we like to read with our class. We model how to complete the organizer. Then, we place the other books at a center for students to complete independently. For younger students, you might choose to read the other books as a read-aloud before having students complete the center.
During this unit, we do a great deal of modeling making inferences in class. Inferring is a skill that is often difficult for students. Because of this, many days of guided practice is important. We like to use this Inferencing Graphic Organizer. In front of the class, we model making a prediction. We then record the evidence that helped us make the prediction. As we read on, we place an x in the final column if our prediction was incorrect or a C if it was correct. If the prediction was neither confirmed or proven to be false, we leave the final column blank. Here are some of our favorite books that we use in our rooms to practice making inferences:
We are always looking for great poetry books to add to our libraries, Creatures of the Earth, Sea, & Sky is an amazing addiiton! This book is a collection of poems. They are perfect for inferencing lessons. Students use their background knowledge to infer what animal each poem is about. These are also great poems for encouraging students to act out!