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Aftermath Of The 1938 Munich Agreement

by Jill & Cathy on April 7, 2021

A French opinion poll conducted at the beginning of October 1938 had 57% for Daladier`s policy, 37% against and 6% undecided, much like the British figures according to Munich. But 70% of them said that other Hitler`s demands had to be opposed. The shadow of the First World War meant that panic spread in September, just before Munich. However, during the crisis, French opinion was nothing but fuzzy. In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls from German spokesmen living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany”. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. Daladier believed that Hitler`s ultimate goals were a threat.

At a meeting in late April 1938, he told the British that Hitler`s real long-term goal was “a domination of the continent against which Napoleon`s ambitions were weak.” He continued: “Today it is Czechoslovakia`s turn. Tomorrow it will be the turn of Poland and Romania. If Germany has received the oil and wheat it needs, it will light up the West. Certainly, we must step up our efforts to avoid wars. But this will not be done if Britain and France do not stick together, intervene in Prague for further concessions, while declaring that they will retain the independence of Czechoslovakia. On the contrary, if Western forces return to capitulating, they will only break out the war they want to avoid. [65] Perhaps discouraged by the arguments of military and civilian members of the French government about their fragile military and financial situation and traumatized by the bloodbath of France during the First World War, which he had personally witnessed, Daladier Chamberlain finally made his way. [Citation required] On his return to Paris, Daladier, who was expecting a hostile crowd, was cheered. [Citation required] The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovska dohoda); in Slovak: Mnechovska dohoda; in German: Munchner Abkommen) or Munchner Verrat (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; The Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) was an agreement reached on 30 September 1938 in Munich by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the Third French Republic and the Kingdom of Italy.

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